This reminds me of my neighbor who could not sell her home. She asked me what she could do to improve her odds of selling. I suggested she remove the popcorn ceiling. This was something that had not occurred to her. After the workers scraped away the mess, it revealed a beautiful plaster ceiling practically intact. My neighbor liked it so much that she decided not to sell after all. The project encouraged her to tackle other home improvement projects.
Many homes built in the late 1930s through the 1990s have popcorn ceilings or some type of texture applied to the ceilings. This was before the government discovered that asbestos was a bad thing. According to the EPA, the use of asbestos in textured ceiling paint was banned in 1977. Inhaled in large quantities, asbestos fibers can cause lung disease, scarring of the lungs and lung cancer. However, not all popcorn ceilings contain asbestos. Moreover, if left undisturbed or contained, asbestos is not dangerous.
You might be wondering why would anybody spray a ceiling to start with? I suspect in part it's because they did not want to finish the ceiling or could not conceal imperfections. Sometimes, a popcorn ceiling covers up s bad drywall and mudding job. That's because mudding a ceiling is an art. Not every contractor or homeowner turned weekend warrior is an artist.
You could leave the popcorn ceiling and contain it by painting it, or you could remove it. It's not that expensive to remove, so I would not refuse to buy a home just because it has popcorn ceilings. You can fix that problem relatively easily.
Testing a Popcorn Ceiling for Asbestos
The problem is you can't tell if a ceiling contains asbestos unless you test it. You can't tell by looking at it with your naked eye. Identification requires a microscope and a trained eye. This means you will need to obtain a sample of the ceiling and send that sample to a laboratory that specializes in identifying asbestos. It might cost you $50 or so to get the sample tested.
- Wear a HEPA (high efficiency particulate air) mask for protection
- Don plastic gloves to avoid contact with the sample.
- Fill a spray bottle with a teaspoon of soap and 16 ounces of water.
- Spray a small area to dampen the ceiling.
- Use a sharp razor-blade knife, cut out a sample and seal it in the container.
- Mail your sample to the lab and wait about a week for the results.
Basic Steps to Remove a Popcorn Ceiling
- To be safe, the pros recommend that you wear a respiratory mask. Do not expose body parts to the texture in the ceiling. Wear a long shirt and pants. Cover your feet, your hands and your head. Because no matter how careful you are, the stuff will fall on you. That's because you are located below falling material.
- If you have pets, relocate them to another room. Pets and home remodeling don't always go hand in hand. Especially cats. They are curious creatures and end up stepping in stuff and tracking it all over the house. You don't want to give your cat a bath.
- Cover the flooring. If you use a plastic sheeting, you could lose your footing. I recommend those large brown rolls of packing paper. Toss drop cloths and cover those with brown paper. That way, when the mess falls on the paper, you can roll it up to discard it.
- You can use a garden hose set to a mist option to dampen the ceiling. Work in small areas at a time.
- Use a push pole with a blade to scrape the ceiling. This is easier from the floor than walking up and down a ladder to scrape by hand. Do not stand directly under falling plaster.
- After the ceiling dries, fill gouges or holes with joint compound and sand. It may require several coats of joint compound to achieve a smooth finish. If you are unhappy with your abilities to finish the ceiling, at this point, you could always hire a drywaller to finish the last coat of mud.
At the time of writing, Elizabeth Weintraub, DRE # 00697006, is a Broker-Associate at Lyon Real Estate in Sacramento, California.