An unrepresented seller might choose to lock out a real estate agent because of money. They don't want to pay a real estate commission. Some of them lose a lot of money because of this perception. But that's their loss and your gain. I've seen a lot of FSBOs underprice. It's also common for a home buyer to wonder if the seller is hiding a defect or some other problem because they don't want an agent involved, and that's quite possible as well.
Tips for Home Buying Without an Agent
Before moving forward to buy a home from a for sale by owner, ask the seller if you can let your agent represent you. The seller might be willing to pay a commission for a buyer's agent, which means your agent costs you nothing. It's worth asking about. If not, here's what you do:
- Find out how much comparable homes sold for before making an offer. The prices of active listings are pretty much worthless and not indicative of value.
- Build contingencies into your offer. You need a way to cancel the contract if everything is not to your satisfaction without risking your earnest money deposit.
- Get a home inspection. Don't hire a home inspector from a list, ask around for a recommendation.
- Hire a real estate lawyer. Real estate advice is not expensive. Expect to pay $200 to $500 for a lawyer to review your contract and offer advice.
- Make sure you buy or the seller pays for a title insurance policy. You should get clean title, free from liens and encumbrances.
The Risks of Home Buying Without an Agent
I would be remiss if I didn't point out that some home buyers, especially first-time home buyers, are wary of real estate agents. They don't trust them. They think that real estate agents care only about closing the deal and not about them. A small percentage of real estate agents are like that, but the larger percentage care deeply about providing quality service and treating clients honestly and ethically.
- Without an agent, you'll have to do your own negotiation. Negotiating an offer is very different than, say, buying a car, because the risks in buying a home far exceeds price considerations.
- Without an agent, you won't have a neighborhood specialist to rely on. Agents who sell in certain areas know facts about that neighborhood, which could be important to you and a seller might not disclose.
- Without an agent, you might not receive all of the seller disclosures that you are entitled by law to receive. Sellers might not purposely withhold a disclosure, but you probably won't know what to ask for.
- Without an agent, you might pay more for closing costs than is customary in your neck of the woods. Sellers might make you pay for everything, and you wouldn't know the difference.
- Without an agent, you'll be left to decipher piles of paperwork filled with gobbledygook. An agent can explain the difference between a disclosure and an agreement, and help you to understand what you sign.
- Without an agent, you'll find your own mortgage. You won't know if your lender has a reputation for closing on time or whether you're getting the best rate and terms. It will be a shot in the dark.
- Without an agent, you'll be on your own to determine the types of inspections you should perform. Most buyers don't know how to spot potential problems such as dry rot or wet basements, or know how to determine if a sewer inspection is necessary.