Maybe these homeowners were transferred by an employer and realized they can't sell their house because the market is not conducive to home selling. For example, sellers of underwater homes might prefer not to do a short sale and may elect to try to ride out the market by renting out their home. Whatever the reason for renting out a house, not every seller knows how to do it.
When I bought another home in the early 1990s, I rented out my existing house. I had bought a home for $100 down and assumed an existing mortgage. The loan assumption costs were so low that I could keep my existing house instead of selling it.
Probably the biggest mistake I made was not running a credit report on the prospective tenants. I gave them a rental application and told them I would run a credit report. I warned that if they had any derogatory credit perhaps they should explain those credit dings to me in advance. In theory, that practice should work. Tenants would tell me about a late payment they made 5 years ago to Sears. Maybe I didn't need an actual credit report? But tenants also can lie. Therefore, I do not recommend that approach.
Screen Tenants Before Renting Out a House
My first tenants signed a rental application containing verbiage that obligated the tenants upon approval of their application to sign a rental agreement. I approved them, and they refused to sign a rental agreement. I took them to Small Claims Court and won a judgment, which I enforced. I no longer use such a rental application as such a form is most likely not legal anymore.
Here are the types of things a prospective landlord should find out about a tenant before renting out a house to a stranger:
- Past and Present Employers
- Former Landlords
- Present Income and Monthly Debt Obligations
- Credit Scores
- Number of Occupants (subject to the Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988)
- Types of Pets
- Police Report
- Personal References
Hiring a Property Management Company to Rent Out Your House
If this information is too time consuming to gather or too difficult to obtain and verify, a homeowner might want to contract with a professional management company. Management companies typically charge 8% to 10% of the monthly rent, but they will do all the work on behalf of the homeowner. Moreover, there will be state and federal laws to follow. For example, all homeowners must comply with the Fair Housing Act. In addition, there might be county ordinances to adhere to and city fees to pay. A local real estate agent might be your best source to get recommendations for property management companies.
Here are things most property management companies will do for a homeowner:
- Advertise the house for rent
- Screen potential tenants
- Collect rent and security deposits
- Negotiate rental agreements and sign leases
- Conduct periodic property inspections
- Handle repair issues
- File evictions, if necessary
Tip: If you're handling your own rental, you might want to sneak a peek at the tenant's automobile. It is clean and in good condition? Or beat up and trashed? That could be an indication of how the tenant will maintain your rental house.
At the time of writing, Elizabeth Weintraub, DRE # 00697006, is a Broker-Associate at Lyon Real Estate in Sacramento, California.