You've done the hard part, though. The part of waiting for short sale approval and actually receiving the authorization to move toward closing. The rest of it should be relatively easy and not much different than a regular real estate transaction, as long as nothing changes and you can meet your closing deadline.
First Step To Closing the Short Sale
Review your good faith estimate and approval letter with your lender. Make sure the closing costs that the seller and you agreed that the seller will pay is authorized by the short sale bank in the short sale approval letter.
If there is a shortage, find out who will pay it. If it is the seller, will the short sale bank allow the seller to pay it? You need some sort of proof that the closing costs approved in the letter match the costs agreed to in your purchase contract. This can be a huge issue at closing if you are suddenly hit with unexpected buyer's closing costs. Moreover, it might delay closing if you need to sign a new GFE.
More Than One Short Sale Approval Letter
If this particular transaction involves two short sale lenders or more, make sure all the short sale approval letters match. If one letter authorizes a commission payment maximum and another letter reduces it, you do not have an agreement. Here are essential elements the letters should contain:
- Payment to the second lender. Both the first lender and the second lender letters should specify the amount paid to the second lender, and that amount should be the same.
- Approved buyers. Sometimes buyers want to add other individuals to the deed at closing. Those individuals should be named in the approval letter. You can't have one letter from the first lender that approves Mary Jones as the buyer, and another letter from the second lender that approves Mary Jones and David Jones as the buyers.
- Closing date. If you cannot close by the earliest date between the two letters, then you will need to get a short sale extension from that lender.
Home Inspection Before Closing the Short Sale
Short sales are typically sold in their "as is" conditions. This is generally interpreted to mean the seller will make no repairs. If your home inspection reveals deficiencies or problems, that is not the seller's problem. It is yours. Here are the general solutions:
- Accept the home in its "as is" condition
- Cancel the short sale
- Ask the short sale bank to repair. But the bank will probably reject that notion.
Financing a Short Sale Can Delay Closing
There are problems associated with financing a short sale. From the appraisal to underwriting, guidelines are strictly enforced. One little blip can cause a short sale loan to get stuck in underwriting and denied.
You might have funding conditions in that loan. The question could become who will take care of, say, FHA repairs noted in the appraisal? If the seller is selling "as is," the seller might refuse to comply with funding conditions. But the real world is if the seller refuses to help the buyer meet funding conditions, the short sale won't close unless the buyer does it. Buyers don't want to make repairs to a home the buyer does not own.
If the seller refuses to help work out funding conditions, be prepared to tackle those projects yourself. And get permission from the seller in writing. Most responsible sellers will help a buyer clear funding conditions.
At the time of writing, Elizabeth Weintraub, DRE # 00697006, is a Broker-Associate at Lyon Real Estate in Sacramento, California.